App note from Richtek about their embedded soft-start function to eliminate MOSFET stress. Link here
Switching Power Supply, compared to Linear Power Supply, is widely used due to its advantages, such as small size, light weight, high efficiency, etc. Flyback Converter, one of the switching power supply topologies, is most suitable for power supply systems that are below 150W because of its unique features of isolation between primary and secondary sides, simple circuit architecture, few components, low cost, etc.
Since switching power MOSFETs play a very important role in switching power supply converters, how to effectively eliminate over-stress of MOSFET during the start-up of flyback converters will be the main focus to be discussed in this application note. The three major aspects to be investigated are flyback controller design, feedback stability, and Snubber design.
App note discussing extended features of NCP12600, NCP12600 is a multi-mode controller for offline power supplies by ON Semiconductor. Link here (PDF)
Beside the novel multi−mode structure it embarks, the NCP12600 packs a lot of features such as an efficient short−circuit protection architecture, a start−up sequence with a slow switching frequency ramp−up, a fast reset when latched and an auto−recovery scheme when line cycle dropout occurs in latched versions. Let’s discover these novelties in the present application note.
TEA1938T SMPS control IC application note from NXP Semiconductors. Link here (PDF)
The TEA1938T is a high-featured low-cost DCM and QR mode flyback converter controller. It provides high efficiency at all power levels and very low no-load power consumption at nominal output voltage in burst mode operation.
To minimize ripple, the burst mode uses a small hysteresis scheme. The TEA1938T is designed to support multiple-output-voltage applications like USB PD (Type C) power supplies. Typical applications include notebooks and tablet adapters, fast charging, and direct charging adapters.
Reducing audible noise in switch mode power supplies app note from ON Semiconductors. Link here (PDF)
In general, switched mode power supplies do not generate audible noise when they operate at constant ultrasonic frequencies (>20kHz). However, some switched mode power supplies can produce audible noise at certain load conditions. Most Fairchild Power Switches are designed to enter into burst switching operation at light load conditions to reduce standby consumption, which can cause audible noise when the fundamental frequency of the burst switching bundles is in the range of human hearing.
This application note explains the major sources of audible noise and offers useful tips to engineers to solve the audible noise problem in their Fairchild Power Switch (FPS) applications.
I’m currently working on a product which uses a size 2430 “hobby” brushless motor and 25A electronic speed controller (ESC). In its “intended” use, the controller runs from two lithium-ion batteries with a total voltage of around 7.4V, but I want to run it from a mains-derived power supply instead. However, there are no off-the-shelf supplies available with that output voltage.
Fortunately, there is no shortage of inexpensive Chinese switchmode supplies with standard outputs of 5,12,24V etc. Most (all?) of these have the ability to adjust the output voltage slightly, by around ±10%. I reckoned that it should be possible to modify such a supply to provide a fully-adjustable output voltage which could be set to the desired 7.4V. This is by no means a novel idea – many people have modified supplies (a common mod is to increase the output to 13.8V, for ham radio use) – but I haven’t seen a good operational analysis of these supplies, so it’s a good excuse to do some detective work and figure out what makes them tick.