App note: Simplify home audio systems With the PCM9211 – A versatile audio interface transceiver

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A digital interface PCM9211 from Texas Instruments app note. Link here (PDF)

Large-screen HDTVs are selling in huge volumes over last few years, primarily driven by amazing improvements in picture quality & form factor (thinner screens). The form factor constraints from having skinny screens result in tiny built-in speakers that are undersized, under-powered and are typically aimed at wrong direction. Hence sound bars have exploded in popularity as complementary audio system by providing a sound experience that more closely matches the TV’s life-like pictures. In addition, with release of HDMI 2.1 specification we finally have a nocompromise audio solution for HDMI as part of the eARC [enhanced Audio Return Channel]. This tech note reviews eARC and simplified Sound Bar design using PCM9211 and how to interface eARC signals with PCM9211.

App note: Noise suppression for wireless headphones

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Wireless headphone interference investigation from muRata. Link here

Recently, the popularity of wireless headsets has been growing as the number of situations where people “play sports while listening to music” increases.

Bluetooth is frequently used for communication between smartphones and headsets. However, audio can skip due to communication errors, so countermeasures are required.

This is an extremely important point of user evaluation and a difficult issue to resolve.
Here we depict an actual case to explain the interference mechanism in the device which causes the audio to skip, and key points for improvement to introduce useful countermeasures for solving the problem.
We hope that you will use it as a guide to help your design work proceed more smoothly.

App note: The Phytochrome system – Why use far-red?

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App note from Würth Elektronik on why plants evolved to use far-red wavelengths and why it is essential for them. Link here (PDF)

The light requirement of plants is now known to be far more complex than originally thought leading to the development of numerous LED technologies that produce a variety of different light spectra, both monochromatic and polychromatic.

Far-red encompasses wavelengths 700 – 800 nm, a region of light that is on the edge of visibility in humans. However, these wavelengths have been proven to result in faster growth, increased biomass and better sensory characteristics (e.g. smell, taste, texture, color).

App note: CeraLink® Capacitors

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Compact and high capacitance ceramic capacitors from TDK electronics. Link here (PDF)

CeraLink is a family of very compact capacitors for stabilizing voltages in the DC link. They are therefore suitable for use as either snubber or DC link capacitors. These products are based on PLZT ceramics and are designed to provide engineers with compact components optimized for fast switching converters, converters with very tight space requirements and converters that need to withstand high operating temperatures. The basic component is a ceramic chip which either is manufactured with lead frames or which can be combined modularly to form capacitors with higher capacitance values.

App note: Linear regulator specifications

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Thorough items on a linear regulator datasheet provides valuable details about its proper usage discussed in this App note from ROHM semiconductor. Link here (PDF)

A linear regulator data sheet includes a specifications table that lists output voltage values and precision. Besides, very important information such as maximum ratings, operating conditions and characteristic graphs are described in the table.

App note: Connecting LDOs in parallel

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App note from ROHM semiconductor on combining LDOs for higher load capacity. Link here (PDF)

When you want to increase the output current capacity of an LDO, or when the power dissipation of a single LDO is insufficient, you might think of connecting LDOs in parallel if you need to disperse the dissipation using two LDOs. This application note provides some hints on how to connect LDOs in parallel.

App note: Basics and low-cost solution proposals to move from legacy USB2.0 connector to USB Type-C™ connector with STM32 devices

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App note from STMicroelectronics about interfacing STM32 legacy USB 2.0 to USB Type-C. Link here (PDF)

This application note is a guideline to introduce this USB Type-C connector onto platform to replace legacy USB2.0 connectors. It introduces some basis of the two new standards USB Type-C™ and the USB Power Delivery.

App note: Quad-SPI (QSPI) interface on STM32 microcontrollers

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Extend memories by using external high speed memories interfaced to Quad-SPI modules on STM32 micros, app note from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF)

This application note describes the Quad-SPI interface on the STM32 microcontrollers and explains how to use the module to configure, program, and read external Quad-SPI memories. It describes some typical use cases to use Quad-SPI interface based on some software examples from the STM32Cube firmware package and from the STM32F7 application notes.

App note: How to avoid chipLEDs sticking to cover tape during automated tape-and-reel assembly

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Investigative app note from Vishay on preventing too light components from sticking on the cover tape of their reel. Link here (PDF)

Customers have informed Vishay that 0603 LEDs (ChipLEDs) supplied in tape and reel format sometimes stick to the PSA cover tape that is peeled off from the carrier tape during the assembly process. This application note describes the problem and provides a summary of precautions that can be used to prevent this unwanted effect from happening.

App note: A simple alternative to analog isolation amplifiers

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A linear isolation amplifier from Silicon Labs app note. Link here (PDF)

Analog circuits sometimes require linear (analog) signal isolation for safety, signal level shifting, and/or ground loop elimination. Linear signal isolation is typically difficult to implement, costly, and often exhibits mediocre performance. While the design community thirsts for a flexible and inexpensive linear isolator solution, it is the analog isolation amplifier (ISOamp) that most often captures the socket.