The 1750Hz tone bursts are often used to trigger repeaters. There are several methods to build 1750Hz tone generators which including TC5082 divider, using MCUs, etc.
In this post, I present another 1750Hz tone generator which I built using 74HC4060 high-speed 14-stage binary ripple counter and 7.168MHz crystal. In this design, 74HC4060 is used to drive the crystal and divide its output by 4096. By using 7.168MHz crystal, this circuit produces 1750.0Hz square wave output with a 50% duty cycle.
App note from Kionix about magnetometer integration challenges from the mobile equipment point of view, and gives guidelines for the mounting position of the magnetic sensor. Link here (PDF)
Electronic devices contain many parts which can affect a magnetic sensor. When deciding the mounting position, it is necessary to consider the types of materials and the amount of current carried in proximity of the magnetic sensor. Accuracy of an electronic compass depends upon getting clean geomagnetic data from the magnetic sensor output without errors caused by other magnetic elements. These errors need to be canceled by calibration or correction.
App note from Kionix on utilizing 2 linear accelerometers to determine angular rotational rates. Link here (PDF)
In many applications, customers would like to measure rotational motions (angular velocity, angular acceleration) in addition to linear motions. Most often, gyroscopes are added to their end product to obtain the rotational information. In some instances, customers already have a system that contains two or more accelerometers. With some understanding of fundamental physics, they can extract more than just linear acceleration data from their system.
Sjaak writes, “It has been a while before I posted something useful. On my search for obscure chips, I came around another interesting Chinese chip (which I don’t reveal yet). The chip was advertised as a cheap drop-in replacement for a American IC so I suspected it would be a clone. I wanted to look inside the chip to check if that is true.”
I picked up a Marconi 2305 modulation meter off eBay the other day. As the name indicated, a modulation meter is used to measure the modulation characteristics of a source signal. The Marconi 2305 is capable of measuring amplitude/frequency and phase modulated signals from a few hundred kHz all the way up to 2 GHz.
The Marconi 2305 was built sometime between the late 70’s and 80’s. It is a pity that the iconic British Marconi Instruments went under in 1998 and had since changed hands a couple of times.
The idea of this project is to image the refractometer output, then convert the position of the blue line, to a digital reading, using image processing. The idea is to measure the brix of wort during mash and sparging, so that sparging can be stopped around 1.010 SG, to avoid tannins.
Really not much explanation needed; just connect as shown above. This project uses an electronic keyer, but a simple straight key/oscillator combo could also be used. Oh… and you will also need to know Morse Code.
App note from OSRAM on consistency of colors specifically white lights. Link here (PDF)
White light is not the same as white light. When different light sources are used, color differences may become visible. To understand why this can happen, it is necessary to understand how people perceive color and light. Nevertheless, it is possible to reduce the color shifts by choosing suitable white LEDs combined with an appropriate system setup. This application note provides basic information on optical quantities, color spaces and CIE chromaticity diagrams. Furthermore, it describes how color consistency for white light applications can be achieved.
App note from OSRAM on using RGB LEDs or their MULTILED® for automotive interior lighting. Link here (PDF)
This application note describes the advantages and challenges of utilizing RGB LEDs for ambient lighting control. Besides pointing out practical challenges, preferred solutions for RGB LEDs are outlined and discussed to assist customers with engineering design solutions.
This build combines small dozens of small laser-cut acrylic pieces which fit together with very tight tolerances. It uses skinny (4mm wide) LED strips which must be soldered, bent, and then slotted in between those acrylic pieces. When assembling the parts you must be willing to force pieces into place, even though it feels like you are stressing the brittle acrylic. You must also be willing to remove and re-seat said pieces and LED strips when it turns out they *can’t* actually be forced into place. At some point during the assembly there is a strong likelihood that you will have to remove everything and re-solder your LED strip when you realize that forcing everything into place broke one of the wires away from your LED strip or created a short circuit.